Unfortunately, the Amazon is under tremendous pressure from slash-and-burn agriculture and illegal timber harvesting. It is estimated that the Amazon is being deforested at a rate of 3 football fields per minute and that we’ve already lost 15–17% of the forest. And while we must push forward on reforestation efforts around the globe to remove carbon and regrow ecosystems, we must also protect these critical tropical forests. Deforestation of existing forests accounts for 12–15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, more than all of the European Union combined. Old-growth, tropical forests already sequester significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the air, as well as support healthy ecosystems and local communities.
The Jari Pará project location is particularly critical to the fight against deforestation. The project is at the forefront of active deforestation in the region and is looking to stop the continuous encroachment of illegal timber harvesting. The current political environment in the region is making this effort particularly challenging. While the project is seeing some smaller areas of deforestation happening within its bounds, contributions from companies like Shopify, provide the region with more resources to deploy ranger patrols to combat illegal harvesters.
From treeless savannah to lush meadow forests, this region is as diverse in its landscape as it is in wildlife. The Jari Pará project is part of the “green corridor,” and provides habitat protection for over 2,070 animal species. This includes 116 mammal species, 86 amphibian species, 41 snake species, 31 lizard species, 7 species of turtles, tortoises and terrapins, and 3 alligator species. Furthemore, there are 356 species of fish and 578 known species of native birds, 8% of which are deemed to be endemic. Of all the species registered in the study area, 25 are on endangered species lists.
The Amazon biome overall is very diverse, comprising a huge range of forest formations, totaling 82 different typologies of vegetation. The vegetation in the project region is composed of different physiognomies, including ten forest and non-forest formations. The project also protects many commercially important trees such as the Brazil Nut. Furthermore, there are 340 known species of flora, 54 of which are deemed endangered.
The area plays an important socio-environmental role in the region as it serves as a home for many rural communities.
Jari Para seeks to generate employment and income for communities, while simultaneously ensuring the conservation of the forest. As a Verra-certified Climate, Community & Biodiversity project, its efforts include several community engagement pillars meant to improve local capacity. One effort is the implementation of agroforestry systems, which provide greater efficiency and lower carbon output than conventional slash and burn systems. Sustainable forest management plans have also been created to foster activities that allow for community income while improving the management of the forest and improving its protection. This project also supports social organizations improving basic structural issues in the community, such as health, education, and infrastructure access.
Verification and Monitoring
While this project is already verified by third-party carbon protocol body Verra, Pachama provides an additional layer of verification and monitoring using our remote sensing and AI technology. Pachama uses this technology to ensure international standards are met, as well as to provide real-time data about the forests missing in other forest schemes.
Analysis of satellite imagery spanning several decades indicates heavy deforestation in the project’s region, signaling sound justification for the project. And while recent years have seen some deforestation occurring within the project grounds, Pachama provides monitoring tools and works with the on-the-ground team to try to enable better forest protection. And in the event of future issues, such as wildfire, Pachama works to ensure that credits are issued for the project from a global Verra buffer pool.
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) associated with this project
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